Infertility affects several couples in today’s rushed times. However, this is no reason to despair. Several very effective treatments are available for infertility in both men and women, which is what we’ll talk about in this article.
Before treatment can begin, your doctor will have a detailed consult with you and your spouse to determine your sexual habits and may make basic recommendations to improve your chances of getting pregnant. However, if these do not work, further testing and treatment may be required.
Before treatment in both men and women, your doctor will perform certain examinations and tests. In men, an initial exam would include a general physical examination and an examination of your genitals. After this, some tests would be recommended. These would include semen analysis, hormone testing, genetic testing, testicular biopsy (in select cases), imaging of the scrotum and other genitalia, and other speciality testing.
In women, also, certain tests may need to be performed before treatment can begin. These could include ovulation testing, ovarian reserve testing (to determine the quantity of eggs available for ovulation), other hormone testing, imaging tests such as a pelvic ultrasound, and Hysterosalpingography (to evaluate the condition of your uterus and fallopian tubes and to determine if there are any blockages or other problems). In rare cases, a hysteroscopy to look for uterine disease, and a laparoscopy to examine your fallopian tubes, uterus, and ovaries may also be performed.
The treatment for infertility depends on the cause of the infertility, how long you’ve been infertile, your age and your partner’s age, and personal preferences. We shall now talk about the different treatments for infertility in both men and women.
Treatment for infertility in men
The most common reason for infertility in men is the lack of a sufficient quantity of healthy sperm. Treatment for infertility in men includes:
- Changing lifestyle factors: You can improve your lifestyle factors to increase your partner’s chances of getting pregnant. You can adopt certain positive behaviours, such as stopping select medications, eliminating harmful substances, improving the timing and frequency of intercourse, exercising regularly, and dealing with other factors that could impair fertility.
- Medications: You can take certain medications to improve your sperm count and increase the likelihood of achieving a successful pregnancy. These medications can increase testicular function and may increase sperm production and improve the quality of your sperm.
- Surgery: In certain conditions, surgery may be necessary to reverse a sperm blockage and restore fertility. In other cases, there could be a varicocele (an enlargement of the veins within the scrotum that holds the testicles) that needs to be surgically repaired, thereby increasing the chances of pregnancy.
- Sperm retrieval: These are certain techniques that obtain sperm when there is a problem with ejaculation, or then, when no sperm are present in the ejaculated fluid. They may be also be used in cases where sperm counts are low or abnormal and where assisted reproductive techniques are planned.
Treatment for infertility in women
In some women, treatments for infertility will work immediately and pregnancy will result only after one or two treatments. In other women, however, several different types of treatment will be necessary to achieve pregnancy. Here are some treatments for infertility in women.
- Stimulating ovulation with fertility drugs: Fertility drugs are the mainstay of treatment for women who are infertile due to ovulation disorders. These medications induce and regulate ovulation. You should talk with your doctor about which medications are right for you, as well as the possible benefits, risks, and side effects of each.
- Performing Intrauterine Insemination (IUI): During IUI, healthy sperm is placed directly in the uterus, at the time that the ovary releases one or more eggs to be fertilized. The timing of IUI can be synced with your normal cycle or with fertility medications.
- Surgery to restore fertility: Hysteroscopic surgery can be used to treat endometrial polyps, intrauterine scar tissue, a uterine septum, and some fibroids. Other conditions, such as larger fibroids, endometriosis, and pelvic adhesions may require laparoscopic surgery, or then, surgery with a larger incision of the abdomen.
More about Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART)
ART is any fertility treatment in which the egg and sperm are manipulated. One of the most common ART techniques is In Vitro Fertilization (IVF). IVF involves stimulating and retrieving several mature eggs and fertilizing them with sperm in a dish in a lab. The embryos are then implanted in the uterus several days after fertilization. Other techniques are also used in the IVF cycle and these include:
- Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI): During this procedure, a single healthy sperm is directly injected into a mature egg. This is done if there is poor sperm quality or quantity, or if fertilization attempts during previous IVF cycles have failed.
- Assisted hatching: This technique is used to implant the embryo into the lining of the uterus by opening the outer covering of the embryo. The latter is called hatching.
- Donor eggs or sperm: While most ART techniques use the couple’s own eggs and sperm, in some cases donor eggs or sperm are used. This is done when there are severe problems with the couple’s eggs or sperm. The donor could be known or anonymous.
- Gestational carrier: A gestational carrier is used when the woman’s uterus is not functional, or for whom pregnancy poses a significant health risk. In this case, the couple’s embryo is placed in the carrier’s uterus for pregnancy. This process is also called Surrogacy.
While infertility treatments have come a long way, it is imperative that you choose the right doctors and the right hospital to help you with your infertility treatments. The right doctor and hospital will work closely with you to determine the cause of your infertility and its right treatment.
Harsha Hospitals, one of the best fertility centers in Hyderabad, is especially designed for treating infertility. At Harsha Hospitals, we have some of the best gynaecologists in Hyderabad, and we work with each couple individually and treat them with the utmost privacy and confidentiality.
In order to provide you with the best IUI treatment in Hyderabad, our doctors will have a detailed initial consultation with you to explore your medical history and the cause of your infertility. They will then design a treatment plan that is tailor-made just for you.
So, if you are thinking of opting for infertility treatment, look no further than Harsha Hospitals for not only the best IUI treatment in Kupatpally, but more importantly, the right treatment, which will help you achieve a healthy pregnancy!